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Ashok Maurya » The Great king of India, History, Biography

Ashok Maurya the great king of India: Ashoka was the third ruler of the Maurya dynasty and ruled almost the entire Indian subcontinent. Ashoka rapidly developed into an outstanding warrior general and a subtle politician. Was one of the most powerful kings of India in ancient times. Buddhist literature has described Ashoka as a cruel and merciless emperor. His reign was 273 BC. Which included most of India, South Asia and beyond, present-day Afghanistan and parts of Persia in the west, Bengal and Assam in the east and Mysore in the south.

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Ashoka Profile

Full Name Ashok Maurya
Nicknames Dharma Ashoka, Ashoka The Terrible, Asoka, Ashoka The Great
Born 304 BC
Birth Place Pataliputra
Famous Leaders, Emperors & Kings
Famous As Indian Emperor of The Maurya Dynasty
Death 232 BC
Death Place Pataliputra
Nationality Indian
Religion Buddhism

Ashok Maurya Family

Father Bindusara
Mother Shubhadrangi
Siblings Susima
Wife/ Spouse Karuvaki, Maharani Devi, Rani Padmavati, Tishyaraksha
Children Charumati, Jaluka, Kunala, Mahinda, Sangamitta, Tivala

Life History

  • Ashoka was born to Maurya King Bindusara and his queen Subhadrangi in 304 BC. Ashoka was the grandson of Emperor Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the Maurya dynasty.
  • Born into a royal family, Ashoka was an expert in fighting and hunting since childhood. Ashoka received royal military training.
  • Rani Subhadrangi was the daughter of a Brahmin priest from the Yamdoot of Champa and due to which she was given less space in the royal household. Ashoka had a low status among the princes on the basis of the mother’s position.
  • He had a younger brother Vitthaka but several elder half brothers. Ashok’s father Bindusara, impressed by his skill and knowledge, appointed him as the governor of Avanti.
  • Here he met Devi, the daughter of a merchant of Vidisha. Ashok and Devi get married. Ashoka and Devi had two children, the son of whom were Mahendra and the daughter was named Sanghamitra.
  • Ashoka rapidly developed into an outstanding warrior general and micro-politician. By doing excellent work, his command over the Mauryan army started increasing day by day. Due to which Ashok’s elder brothers became jealous of him.
  • King Bindusara’s eldest son Sushima persuaded his father to send Ashoka from the capital Pataliputra to Taxila province.
  • Although Ashoka came to the province, the militia welcomed him with open arms and the rebellion ended without any fighting. This particular success of Ashoka made Ashoka stronger. Ashoka further weakened his elder brothers, especially Sushima.

The Spread of Buddhism

Emperor Ashoka followed a policy of non-violence or non-violence throughout his life. Emperor Ashoka abolished the slaughter of animals during his entire life, promoted the concept of vegetarianism, ended the existence of the caste system and gave every person the right to freedom, tolerance and equality.
Emperor Ashoka sent followers of Buddhism to far off places to propagate ideals and inspired people to live by the teachings of Lord Buddha. Even the attached members of the royal family, including his son and daughter, Mahendra and Sanghamitra, to perform the duties of Buddhist missionaries. They Sent all the dignitaries on his empire to propagate his ideals.
Some of these are as follows:

Gandhara Majjhantika Kashmir
Mahadeva Mahisamandala (Mysore)
Rakkhita Vanavasi (Tamil Nadu)
Yona Dhammarakkhita Aparantaka (Gujarat and Sindh)
Mahadhammarakkhita Maharashtra (Maharashtra)
Maharakkhita Country of the Yona (Bactria/ Seleucid Empire)
Majjhima Himavanta (Nepal)
Sona and Uttara Suvannabhumi (Thailand/ Myanmar)
Mahamahinda Lankadipa (Sri Lanka)

Battle of Emperor Ashoka and Kalinga

Ashoka had fought many wars during his lifetime, but the war of Kalinga had greatly affected the life. Millions of people were killed in the Kalinga war. Seeing the bloodshed in this war with his own eyes and the screams of the injured and the compassionate mourning of the families of the dead, Ashoka’s heart was moved. Because of which he vowed that I would never lift a sword now. History testifies that after this war, they actually accepted Buddhism by following the path of peace and non-violence and after that, they went to the shelter of Lord Buddha. Widely spread Buddhism. After adopting Buddhism, he did many things for the welfare of the people. Ashoka was famous as Chandashok before the Kalinga war, later became famous as Dharmashok. In fact, the credit of making Buddhism a world-class religion goes to Emperor Ashoka. Emperor Ashoka gave the message of peace and love to the world.

Death of emperor Ashoka

Ashoka ruled for about 36 years. He died in Pataliputra in 232 BC. Several books state that during the cremation, his body burned for seven days and seven nights. 50 years after his death, the Mauryan Empire came to an end.